21.3 C
Paris
dimanche, août 14, 2022

Uighur Exiles Living in Fear in Turkey

Must read

« At summit, Erdogan, Putin still divided on SyriaRead more ». Al Monitor staff 

Ankara agreed said Al Monitor on the 5th of August 2022 that part of its natural gas payments to Moscow would be switched to...

Au sujet de « La promesse d’Hasan », film turc, sorti en France en plein mois d’août/Nora SENI

Le vent souffle sans répit dans le film de Semih Kaplanoglu, ployant branches, bruissant feuillages, malmenant les clôtures faits d'assemblages irréguliers de bois secs....

Turkey’s Mission Becomes More Difficult If Attacks on Ukrainian Ports Continue- PANORAMA/Selmin Seda Coşkun

Selmin Seda Coskun from the Thomas More Institute in Paris wrote in Panorama, Online of the 4th of August 2022, an indepth article...

L’accord céréalier, un succès diplomatique pour le président Erdogan. LE MONDE/Marie Jégo

Après la sécurisation du passage d’un premier cargo, le président turc rencontre Vladimir Poutine vendredi, à Sotchi, pour parler notamment de l’Ukraine et de...

Deutsche Welle, February 28, 2021, Tunca Ögreten

Tens of thousands of Uighurs have fled to Turkey to escape Chinese persecution. Yet life in exile is challenging.

“I lost touch with my family five years ago; I only learned of my father’s death one year later,” a teary-eyed Abdüsükür tells DW. The 32-year-old is based in Istanbul’s Zeytinburnu neighborhood, where most of the city’s Uighur immigrants live and work. He earns a living working in a secondhand shop for mobile phones.

Abdüsükür is one of approximately 50,000 Uighurs who have recently fled China seeking safety in Turkey. The Chinese government has been persecuting the ethnic minority, with witnesses reporting that Uighurs have been detained in inhumane conditions in reeducation camps. Many of them, including minors, are picked up and deported without warning.

Abdüsükür fled China’s northwestern Xinjiang province five years ago. “We were constantly persecuted in East Turkestan [Xinjiang province],” he tells DW. “Many people were jailed, or taken to reeducation camps, just for praying.”

The Uighurs are a Turkic-speaking ethnic group, most of whom are Muslim. Many have fled to Turkey as they have much in common with Turks culturally, and Turkey’s government has promoted their migration for years. Today, the country’s hosts the largest community in the Uighur diaspora.

“I was scared not only for myself but also my family,” Abdüsükür explains his decision to leave China. “That’s why I decided to flee to Turkey.” But he has paid a steep price for his new life abroad, saying he has only spoken to his mother once since leaving. “Uighurs living in Turkey are prohibited [by Chinese authorities] from speaking to their relatives back home,” he says. Millions of fellow Uighurs have been placed in reeducation camps, Abdüsükür says. There are no official records documenting how many have been detained, though some estimates put the figure at several hundred thousand.

Fearing deportation from Turkey

He only found out his father had died when a friend informed him. Abdüsükür then immediately called his mother in Xinjiang. After confirming his father’s death, she told him not to call again, saying “if they [Chinese authorities] find out, they will come after us.” That was the last time he spoke to his mother.

Abdüsükür regularly joins protest marches against the persecution of China’s Uighurs and is using social media to raise awareness for the problems in his home country. He was arrested several times by Turkish authorities for participating in rallies. He got very scared when they launched an investigation into his actions; without Turkish citizenship, he could get deported. In 2017, after all, Ankara and Beijing agreed a repatriation agreement which could speed up deportations, though Turkey’s parliament is yet to ratify the deal.

Ömer Faruk moved to Turkey in 2016. The 31-year-old Uighur immigrant possesses Turkish citizenship, which means he cannot be deported. Still, life in exile has been a struggle. Faruk, who has five children, had to leave his two daughters behind when he moved to Turkey.

Many Uighur emigrants — including Faruk — find that their relatives, including young children and even seniors, vanish without trace in China. Faruk remembers receiving a call from his wife when he worked as a labor migrant in Saudi Arabia several years ago. She told him Chinese police had come to their home, wanting to confiscate their passports. He then urged her to tell the police she would deliver the documents in a little while.

He told her to book flights to Turkey and leave the country immediately. But their young daughters — 1 1/2 and 3 years old — did not yet have passports. Faruk’s wife and two young daughters were forced to remain in China, while he met his other three children in Turkey.

Missing daughters

Faruk’s wife later flew out to join him in Turkey, leaving their young daughters with his mother-in-law. He says his brothers then wanted to help his daughters reach Turkey but were arrested. Faruk’s mother-in-law was placed in a reeducation camp.

“I don’t know where my daughters are at this moment,” he says, distraught. He cannot even say whether they are still alive, as he has lost touch with family members still in China. According to Faruk, Uighurs who move to other countries, such as Austria or Egypt, have a much easier time reuniting with family members abroad.

“My wife is at her wit’s end, she can’t sleep at night, and my children are constantly thinking about their sisters,” Faruk tells DW. They want to know when they will finally be reunited. “I am desperate; did they put them in camps? Nobody knows.”

At least, he says, he cannot be deported as a Turkish citizen. That’s why he often joins protest rallies outside China’s Ankara embassy, and its Istanbul consulate, to draw attention to the Uighurs’ plight.

Share the post « Uighur exiles living in fear in Turkey »

More articles

Latest article

« At summit, Erdogan, Putin still divided on SyriaRead more ». Al Monitor staff 

Ankara agreed said Al Monitor on the 5th of August 2022 that part of its natural gas payments to Moscow would be switched to...

Au sujet de « La promesse d’Hasan », film turc, sorti en France en plein mois d’août/Nora SENI

Le vent souffle sans répit dans le film de Semih Kaplanoglu, ployant branches, bruissant feuillages, malmenant les clôtures faits d'assemblages irréguliers de bois secs....

Turkey’s Mission Becomes More Difficult If Attacks on Ukrainian Ports Continue- PANORAMA/Selmin Seda Coşkun

Selmin Seda Coskun from the Thomas More Institute in Paris wrote in Panorama, Online of the 4th of August 2022, an indepth article...

L’accord céréalier, un succès diplomatique pour le président Erdogan. LE MONDE/Marie Jégo

Après la sécurisation du passage d’un premier cargo, le président turc rencontre Vladimir Poutine vendredi, à Sotchi, pour parler notamment de l’Ukraine et de...

« Turkey’s inflation hits almost 80% as Erdogan insists on low-rate policy ». Mustafa Sönmez/AL MONITOR

"Despite a relative slowdown in July, Turkey’s consumer inflation appears on course to overshoot the central bank’s newly revised year-end forecast of 60.4%" says...