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“Causes , Déroulement et conséquences de la rupture Israélo-Turque ” – Fréderic Encel

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Hérodote. 2013, 148(1), p. 68-82.; La Découverte, 2013. Language: French, Base de données: Cairn.info

À partir de 1996, Israël et la Turquie avaient constitué un partenariat stratégique. Mais, durant la décennie passée, Ankara a considérablement refroidi la relation bilatérale pour plusieurs raisons géopolitiques, dont sa volonté de créer une vaste zone d’influence islamique dans le monde arabe et le Moyen-Orient. Cette politique passait notamment par une relation sécuritaire et militaire privilégiée avec la Syrie, ennemi traditionnel d’Israël. Or la répression féroce du régime de Bachar al-Assad a ruiné pour beaucoup l’objectif turc. En 2013, la question se pose : le divorce voulu par le gouvernement turc vis-à-vis d’Israël aura-t-il été géopolitiquement intéressant ?

Israel and Turkey had formed a strategic partnership since 1996, one that proved to be very fruitful for more than a decade. But these bilateral relations have cooled off over the last ten years, largely because of Turkey. Ankara’s new attitude is due to several factors, including the will to create a large Islamic axis within the Arab and the Middle Eastern area, and the many benefits of closer relations with Syria (collaboration between intelligence services, improved image of Turkey in the eyes of Arab countries, satisfying public opinion, which prefers closeness to Damascus to friendship with Israel, etc.). The question for the Turkish government is: has the breakup with Israel been geopolitically worthwhile?HER_148_0068_Frederic Encel_Causes, déroulement et conséquences de la rupture israélo-turqueDownload

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