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“La crise libanaise vue de Turquie ” – Laurent Mallet

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Hérodote. 2007, no 124(1), p. 51-68.; La Découverte, 2007. Language: French, Base de données: Cairn.info

La guerre au Liban a choqué en Turquie. Fait rare dans ce pays, des manifestations se sont succédées tout au long du mois de guerre, mais en changeant progressivement de nature: les organisations d’extrême gauche et de gauche prenant progressivement le relais de l’islamisme radical, l’argumentation humaniste succédant à celle de la solidarité musulmane, sur fond d’antiaméricanisme virulent et d’antisémitisme. Malgré cette contestation, le gouvernement « islamo-conservateur» de R. T. Erdogan va maintenir une position de critique constructive, alliant condamnation de l’action israélienne et diplomatie souple ouverte au dialogue. Cette politique trouve son aboutissement dans la participation à la FINUL renforcée, qui suscite en Turquie une forte opposition. La gestion de la crise libanaise par la Turquie paraît significative des rapports de force internes notamment entre le pouvoir civil et les militaires, comme d’une approche plus kantienne des relations internationales.

The war in Lebanon was a shock in Turkey. Many demonstrations, which are usually scarce in this country, took place during the month the war lasted. The nature of these gradually changed with left-wing organizations, extreme and otherwise, progressively taking over from radical Islam, and humanist lines of arguments succeeding those of Muslim solidarity, all against a background of strong anti-Americanism and anti-Semitism. Despite this opposition, the “Islamic conservative” government of Recep Tayyip Erdogan maintained a position of constructive criticism, combining both a condemnation of Israeli action with a flexible diplomacy, open to dialogue. This policy resulted in the country’s participation in a reinforced UNIFIL, which was strongly opposed in Turkey. The Turkish management of the Lebanese crisis reveals the internal balance of power between civilian and military authorities, as well as a more Kantian approach to international relations.HER_124_0051_Laurent Mallet_La crise libanaise vue de TurquieDownlo

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